co2 laser cutting machine working principle


CO2 Laser Cutting Machine Working Principle

CO2 laser cutting machines use a high-powered laser beam to cut materials. These machines are commonly used to cut materials such as wood, metal, acrylic, and plastic. In this article, we will discuss the working principle of CO2 laser cutting machines.

How Does a CO2 Laser Cutting Machine Work?

Step 1: Generating the Laser

The first step in the CO2 laser cutting process is the generation of the laser beam. CO2 lasers produce a high-intensity infrared laser beam. This laser beam is generated by passing an electric current through the CO2 gas mixture, which causes the gas molecules to vibrate and release energy in the form of photons.

Step 2: Focusing the Laser Beam

The next step is to focus the laser beam onto the material being cut. The laser beam is focused using a series of mirrors and lenses. The lens is used to focus the laser beam to a very small size, allowing for precise cutting.

Step 3: Cutting the Material

Once the laser beam has been focused onto the material, it is used to cut through the material. The beam of the laser is so powerful that it vaporizes the material it comes into contact with. This process is known as ablation. The laser beam is then moved across the material, cutting through it in a controlled manner.

Step 4: Handling the Cut Material

Once the material has been cut, it needs to be removed from the machine. A variety of methods can be used to do this, depending on the type of material being cut. For example, a vacuum system can be used to remove the cut material from the work area.

CO2 Laser Cutting Machine Advantages

There are several advantages to using a CO2 laser cutting machine:

1. Precision: CO2 laser cutting machines are capable of cutting with extreme precision.

2. Versatility: These machines can be used to cut a variety of materials including metal, wood, acrylic, and plastic.

3. Automation: CO2 laser cutting machines can be fully automated, allowing for increased efficiency and productivity.

4. Speed: The speed of CO2 laser cutting machines is much faster than traditional cutting methods.

5. Environmentally Friendly: CO2 laser cutting machines produce less waste than traditional cutting methods, making them more environmentally friendly.

CO2 Laser Cutting Machine Applications

CO2 laser cutting machines can be used in a variety of industries, including:

1. Automotive: CO2 laser cutting machines can be used to cut metal parts for the automotive industry.

2. Aerospace: These machines can be used to cut lightweight materials such as carbon fiber for the aerospace industry.

3. Signage: CO2 laser cutting machines can be used to create high-quality, custom signage.

4. Electronics: These machines can be used to create intricate designs on electronic components.

5. Packaging: CO2 laser cutting machines can be used to cut and engrave packaging materials.


CO2 laser cutting machines are powerful tools that have revolutionized the cutting industry. They are capable of cutting a wide variety of materials with extreme precision and speed. These machines are also environmentally friendly and can be used in a variety of industries.


Professional Laser Marking Machine Manufacturer Since 2009. Correct Pack is a technology-based enterprise focusing on the design, development and production of marking and coding products, which are widely used in food, pharmaceutical, daily chemical, hardware and other industries.
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